Asian art

Yungang Grottoes

Yungang Grottoes

In the ancient period, the Yungang Grottoes was known as Wuzhoushan Grottoes which are located about 16 km west of the city of Datong in the Shanxi province. These grottoes are carved at the base of the Wuzhou Shan Mountains in the valley of the Shi River. Like other grottoes, Yungang grottoes are also excellent examples of rock-cut architecture. It is believed that the antique Buddha statues and cave itself were built at 5th and 6th centuries. Regarding the number of the caves, there are 53 major caves along with 1100 minor caves and 51,00 niches which house the same number of Buddha statues.

Brief History and statues of Yungang Grottoes

Brief History and statues of Yungang Grottoes

When the Northern Wei Dynasty controlled the northern parts of China, after the decline of the Jin Dynasty, they made the city of Pingcheng, present day - Datong, as their capital. Therefore the construction work was increased a lot. As it is written that Northern Wei Dynasty adopted Buddhism as their state religion, gradually Buddhism was spread to surrounding as well. The Northern Wei Dynasty had a chance to know about the Buddhism only because of the North Silk Road, the northernmost route of about 2600 km in the length. This road connects the ancient Chinese capital of Xi'an to the west over the Wushao Ling Pass to Wuwei and emerging in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia. It is recorded that the site was completed in three successive phases.

We have lovely pieces of Buddha statues in our catalog

The first phase was started at around 460 CE and lasted till the year 465 CE. The construction of the second phase was started at around the year 471 CE and lasted till 494 CE. In the second phase, the twin caves 5/6, 7/8, and 9/10 and also the caves which were numbered as the caves 11, 13, 14 were constructed under supervision and support of the imperial court. This phase of construction of the Yungang Grottoes is also called the golden stage of the Yungang Grottoes. The construction of the third phase was supported by private patronage. The construction period of the third phase lasted until 525. The caves that were constructed during the third phase were mainly done in the west of cave 10, 4, 14, 15 and 11. The caves 16-20 is known as the Tan Yao Cave.

The Yungang Grottoes can be divided into three parts - eastern, central, western- according to the placement of the Grotto. The eastern one is focused mainly on the building builds in the pagoda style of architecture. This part was built earlier than the other parts. The middle part has a chamber- front and rear- with Buddha statue in the middle of the hall. The walls and the ceilings of the grottoes are filled with relief and murals as well. The last one, western part houses medium and small sized grottoes with the statues placed inside it. The statues placed inside of these grottoes vary in size- tallest 17 m to shortest few centimeters in height. Some of the statues found in these grottoes still have their original colors and the statue has the graceful facial expression with bright piercing eyes.

Deterioration

grotte-di-yungang

Yungang Grottoes has been there for more than 1500 yrs. From the day of its construction, many of the grottoes are exposed to the open air. Therefore, the site is open to vulnerable to various forms of pollution from the industrial city of Datong and deterioration as well. It is not to forget that the site is also near to the Gobi Desert, hence the storms from the deserts can damage the statues to some extent. Therefore the cave was preserved and repaired at several times. During Liao Dynasty, the caves were renewed and at the same time 10 temples of Yungang was also build from 1049-1060 CE. The main purpose of the construction was to protect the main caves. But the temples were destroyed due to fire after 60 yrs. of construction.

Alongside of the conservation of the Yungang Grottoes, the sites was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. As UNESCO mentions, the site is a masterpiece of early Chinese Buddhist cave art and these arts represents the successful fusion of Buddhist religious symbolic art from south and central Asia with Chinese cultural traditions.

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Our collection of antique arts and crafts:

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

250 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

2750 euro
Old Nepali Buddha statue

Old Nepali Buddha statue

550 euro
Porcelain Happy Buddha

Porcelain Happy Buddha

150 euro
Antique limestone Buddha

Antique limestone Buddha

325 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

2750 euro
Old head of Burmese Puppet

Old head of Burmese Puppet

50 euro
Old Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

450 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

3750 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

2250 euro
Large old wooden Buddha statue

Large old wooden Buddha statue

1250 euro
Antique marble Buddha statue

Antique marble Buddha statue

1750 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

3500 euro
High quality Nepali medicine Buddha statue

High quality Nepali medicine Buddha statue

525 euro
High quality Nepali Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Buddha statue

1450 euro
Antique wooden monk statue

Antique wooden monk statue

1600 euro
Antique bronze Nandi Bull from India

Antique bronze Nandi Bull from India

500 euro
High quality Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

850 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

750 euro
Antique wooden Burmese panel

Antique wooden Burmese panel

550 euro
Antique Thailand Buddha statue

Antique Thailand Buddha statue

125 euro
Bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Buddha statue

175 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

375 euro
High quality Nepali Buddha statue

High quality Nepali Buddha statue

2450 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Nat statue

Antique wooden Burmese Nat statue

750 euro
Antique Burmese Throne

Antique Burmese Throne

2250 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

1950 euro
Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

175 euro
Old bronze Parvati statue

Old bronze Parvati statue

900 euro
Large bronze Thai Buddha statue

Large bronze Thai Buddha statue

2350 euro
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